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House Facades: Definition, Functions, Types of Materials, and Examples

Admin BFI
7 December 2022
House Facades: Definition, Functions, Types of Materials, and Examples

When we first see a house, our eyes will accidentally look toward the outside of the house that faces the street or an open area. This section is known as the facade of the house.

What is the facade of a house and why is this part considered important from the exterior to its function? Let's discuss them one by one regarding the facade through the following description.


1. Definition of House Facade

The facade is the front of the house that is usually seen from the outside. The facade of the house is one of the most important parts of a house because it can give the first impression to anyone who sees it.

The term facade comes from the French façade which means 'front' or 'face'. In general, the term can be interpreted as the outside of a building (exterior). No doubt, the facade is widely believed by people as a part that shows the character or style of a house.

2. Home Facade Function

Not only in terms of the exterior, but the facade of the house also has a number of essential functions that are very useful for homeowners. For example maintaining the privacy of the occupants, protecting the body from extreme weather, and helping to keep the indoor temperature stable. The other functions include the following.

2.1. As the First Element Seen from the House

The facade of the house is the part of the house that is first seen by others. A beautiful and attractive house facade will give a positive impression to people who see it, so it can increase the selling price of the house.

2.2. As a Home Protector

The facade of the house functions as a protector of the house from extreme weather such as heat, rain, and strong winds. The facade can also prevent direct sunlight from entering the house which keeps the temperature inside the stable.

2.3. As a determinant of temperature in the house

Not many people know that the facade can affect the temperature or climate inside the house. Choosing the right house facade materials, such as wood or stone, is proven to be able to absorb and remove moisture which keeps the humidity in the house stable. In addition to humidity, choosing the right material can also absorb and store heat during the day. This is of course very useful in keeping the room temperature warm at night. Facades can also help keep the air in the house fresh and clean.

2.4. As Part of the Aesthetics of the House and Characteristics of the Owner

The facade also has its own aesthetic value. A beautiful and well-maintained house facade will give a good impression to homeowners and can improve their quality of life. In addition, the facade can also be part of the identity of the house (characteristic) that distinguishes it from other houses around it.


Also Read: The Cost of Building a 2-Story House and Other Important Things


3. Main Components of House Facades

The main components of the facade of the house usually consist of walls, windows, and entrances. Walls are the parts that make up the entire structure of the house, while windows and entrances function as parts that allow air and light to enter the house.

The facade of the house also usually has a roof that functions as protection from extreme weather such as rain and heat. Some houses also have a balcony or terrace located at the front of the house. For more details regarding each component, let's see the explanation below.

3.1. Doors

The first component is the door. The door is part of the facade of the house that functions as access to enter and leave the house. Doors can also help maintain the privacy of the occupants of the house by blocking the view of outsiders into the house. In addition, the door also functions to protect the house from extreme weather threats such as rain or strong winds.

3.2. Window

In terms of beauty, windows are part of the facade of a house that can add to the aesthetic value and character of a house. As for its function in general, the function of the window is to regulate the light and air that enters the house, allowing sunlight to enter so that the room looks brighter and more pleasant.

3.3. Walls

Walls or walls are part of the facade of the house that functions as a barrier or protector for the house. Walls form a strong structure that can withstand loads or pressure from above, such as the floor or roof of a house.

On the other hand, the walls also function as a barrier to foreign objects, extreme weather, and soundproofing which makes it possible for people inside to feel calmer and more comfortable.

3.4. Tritisan (Supporting Roof)

Tritan or additional roof is part of the facade of the house which is located above the doors and windows. Artisan serves as a protector or cover for doors and windows to prevent rain or wind from entering the house.

3.5. Sun Shading

Sun shading or sun visor is another part of the facade of the house which serves to reduce the sunlight entering the house. Sun shading can take various forms such as blinds or curtains, or structures that are attached to the outside of windows, namely awnings or mirror glass.

Apart from helping to avoid the sun's heat that is too intense, sun shading can also reduce the cooling load which makes electricity costs more efficient.


Also Read: Do You Want to Buy a House? Here are Categories and 7 Types of Houses!


4. Types of House Facade Materials

The construction of the facade of the house is inseparable from the use of the selected construction materials. Some of the types of materials that are often used in facades include:

4.1. Bricks

Brick is one of the construction materials used to build the facade of a house and allows the building structure to be sturdy. This can happen because bricks have good retaining strength, which allows them to withstand the weight of the upper floor and roof of the house.

Not only that, in terms of beauty, brick has a classic and elegant appearance so that it can provide additional aesthetics for your facade and display a strong and unique residential character.

4.2. Wood

The next material that is no less useful for the facade of the house is wood. As with bricks, wood is also capable of supporting heavy loads which makes it ideal for forming the structure of a house. The use of this one material as a facade will make the house seem soft and warm.

4.3. Rocks

Stones are often chosen as house facade materials because they are strong and durable. This is a plus point because homeowners don't have to bother with extra maintenance to keep the quality of the material top-notch. It is suitable for those of you who want to accentuate your home with a classic and elegant impression.

4.4. Metal

Metal is generally chosen because it is easy to clean from dirt and dust. The material which tends to be smooth and slippery makes it able to create a house facade with a modern and futuristic impression

4.5. Ceramic

The use of ceramic materials has existed since ancient times, precisely in ancient Egypt. Ceramics are often chosen because of their good durability and can be made into various attractive shapes that can add to the aesthetic value of your home's facade.

5. 5 Examples of House Facade Designs

There are lots of home facade designs to choose from, depending on everyone's tastes and needs. Some examples of facade designs and their explanations are as follows:

5.1. Classic Facade

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The facade of a house with a classic design usually uses natural materials such as stone or wood and has a symmetrical and neat shape. Classic facades also often feature columns that add to the impression of elegance and luxury.

5.2. Modern Facade

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Image Source: Pinterest

The facade of a house with a modern design usually uses materials such as glass and steel and has a more contemporary and futuristic shape. Modern facades also often feature sharp and horizontal lines which add to the impression of being dynamic and not boring.

5.3. Vernacular Facade

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The facade of the house with a vernacular design is designed that refers to local customs and culture. Vernacular facades usually use locally available materials, such as stone or wood, and have a unique and distinctive shape. Vernacular facades also often display motifs originating from local customs and culture.

5.4. Minimalist Facade

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Ilustrasi Fasad Minimalis/ Image Source:

The facade of a house with a minimalist design emphasizes functionality and simplicity. Minimalist facades usually have simple lines and not too much detail, giving a modern and elegant impression.

5.5. Contemporary Facade

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The facade of a house with a contemporary design is a combination of various existing facade designs, such as classic, minimalist, and modern designs. Contemporary facades generally have a unique shape and are not bound by certain design rules that make them seem freer and more creative.

BFI friends, that's a lot of information related to the facade of the house. Hopefully, this review can help you determine the appropriate facade.

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