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What is Vehicle Emission Test? Understanding, Methods, Benefits, Graduate Conditions

2022-07-12 00:00:00 807
What is Vehicle Emission Test? Understanding, Methods, Benefits, Graduate Conditions

The current poor air quality has forced the government to implement a new policy for vehicle owners. This policy is in the form of vehicle emission tests, both two-wheeled and four-wheeled. Through this policy, it is hoped that the existing air quality will gradually improve.

In this regard, policies related to emission testing have been regulated through the DKI Jakarta governor's regulation (Pergub) Number 66 of 2020. This regulation states that every vehicle that is 3 years old or more must take a gas emission test. Not only that, but the gubernatorial regulation also emphasized that this vehicle emission test can be carried out once a year.

If there is a violation related to the emission test, it will be subject to sanctions in Article 285 and Article 286 of Law Number 22 the Year 2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transportation. With a maximum fine of IDR 250,000 for motorbikes and a maximum of IDR 500,000 for cars.

In relation to this policy, in this article, the BFI Finance team has summarized important points related to vehicle emission testing.

 

Definition of Emission Test

The vehicle emission test is one of the efforts carried out to check the feasibility of the vehicle's engine performance, including the combustion efficiency which is tested through special tools available at workshops, dealers, and others. By checking the engine to this efficiency, we can find out whether or not the level of engine exhaust will affect the level of air pollution.

This understanding is in line with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which explained that the emission test is one of the testing efforts to determine engine performance and the level of combustion efficiency in vehicle engines.

Emission Test Method

The emission testing process on vehicles is divided into two, namely motorcycles and cars. At first glance, the process applied is the same, only that there are certain things that make the difference. For more details, you can see through the description below.

How to Test Gas Emissions on Motors

  • By installing a gas detector on the motorcycle exhaust

  • The tested vehicle must be in the on position

  • Do not turn on electronic devices in the vehicle such as air conditioners, lights, or radios

  • Done for 5-7 minutes

  • The level and content of vehicle fumes will be recorded after completion

  • The substances detected included: CO (Carbon Monoxide), HC (Hydrocarbons), CO2 (Carbon Dioxide), O2 (Oxygen), and NO (Nitrogen Oxides).

  • Vehicles that pass will be given proof of passing the emission test

How to test emissions on a car

As for the car emission test process, as reported by Smart City Jakarta, it has several stages. Including the following.

  1. The technician will calibrate the tool to ensure the parameters of each tool are at zero.

  2. For cars, parked on a flat surface, the engine is running and is at a working temperature of 60-70 degrees Celsius (or adjusted to the manufacturer's recommendations)

  3. An inspection will be carried out, with the engine being raised to 1900-2000 rpm (rotations per minute). This process is carried out for one minute, before being returned to an idle state.

  4. Measurements were also made with the technician inserting a probe (measuring hose) into the exhaust as deep as 30 cm. This stage lasts for 20 seconds, after which the emission test equipment will take and print data on CO and HC gas concentrations.

Benefits of Vehicle Emission Test

Vehicle emission testing has several benefits, namely:

Preventing Vehicle Damage

Through emission tests, we can find out the condition of the vehicle's engine. This is of course very useful to check whether the engine performance is optimal and prevent damage.

Protecting the Environment

Manfaat kedua yang sangat berpengaruh yaitu dengan dilakukannya uji emisi ini kita turut andil dalam menjaga udara bersih serta rendah polusi.

Obeying the Rules

As previously mentioned, emission tests are mandatory. If you do not comply with this rule, you will be subject to a fine in accordance with Article 285 and Article 286 of Law Number 22 the Year 2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transportation. With a maximum fine of IDR 250,000 for motorbikes and a maximum of IDR 500,000 for cars.

Uji Emisi Kendaran

Image Source: Unpslash/Matt Boitor

Requirements for Passing Vehicle Emissions Test

The requirements for passing the vehicle emission test are stated in the DKI Jakarta Governor Regulation Number 31 of 2008 by taking into account the provisions of the emission threshold for the substances contained.

Reporting from the official Instagram account of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the following are the official requirements for passing the vehicle emission test.

  • Gasoline cars produced before 2007, must have CO2 levels below 3.0 percent with HC below 700 ppm.

  • Gasoline cars produced after or in 2007, must have CO2 levels below 1.5 percent with HC below 200 ppm. Diesel cars produced before 2010 and weighing under 3.5 tons, must have an opacity (lead) content of 50 percent.

  • Diesel cars produced after or in 2010 and vehicles weights under 3.5 tons, must have an opacity level of 40 percent.

  • Diesel cars produced before 2010 and weighing more than 3.5 tons, must have an opacity level of 60 percent.

  • Diesel cars produced after or in 2010 and weighing more than 3.5 tons, must have an opacity of 50 percent.

  • 4 stroke motor, production before 2010, maximum CO 5.5 percent and HC 2400 ppm

  • Motor production after 2010, 2 strokes or 4 strokes, maximum CO 4.5 percent and HC 2,000 ppm

  • Motor 2 stroke production before 2010, CO below 4.5 percent, and HC 12,000 ppm.

How to Check the Emissions Test Pass

The proof of passing the emission test can be checked directly through the letter given by the workshop or official outlet for checking the emission test. In addition, you can also check it directly through the e-emission test application by entering the vehicle registration number.

On the other hand, the government also advises the public to combine the emission test pass letter with the STNK (Vehicle Number Certificate) so that it is easy to check.

Emission Test Fees and Locations

The costs involved in emission testing vary widely. For example, for a car emission test, it ranges from Rp. 150,000 to Rp. 200,000. This price of course depends on the rates set by emission test workshops, emission test kiosks, emission test vehicles (mobile), motorcycle/car dealers, as well as the Environmental Service Office. As for the cost of a motorcycle emission test, the rate that is set is usually the range of a car emission test rate.

Emission Test Location in Jakarta

Here are some emission test locations in Jakarta.

Jakarta Timur

  • PT Tritala Sakti Utama Motor, Jalan Matraman Raya Nomor 63, Pal Meriam

  • PT Astra Int Honda Dewi Sartika, Jalan Dewi Sartika Nomor 355, Cawang 

  • Yamaha Pelita Motor, Jalan Jenderal Pol RS Sukamto Nomor 1A,Malaka 

  • Jaya CV Farama Consultant, Jalan Pahlawan Revolusi Nomor 7, RT 004/RW 005 

  • Indobuana Autoraya Sunter (Suzuki Duren Sawit), Jalan Kolonel Sugiono Nomor 20, Duren Sawit 

Jakarta Selatan

  • Mekar Karya Pratama Yamaha, Jalan Rc Veteran Nomor 162, Bintaro Jakarta Pusat 

  • PT Wahana Ritelindo, Jalan Gunung Sahari Raya Nomor 32 

Jakarta Utara

  • Indobuana Autoraya Sunter (Suzuki Sunter), Jalan Danau Sunter Selatan, Blok O/III 

  • Toko Asco Motor, Jalan Pegangsaan Dua Nomor 99A, RT 5/RW 2 

Jakarta Barat

  • Jakarta Barat  PT Surganya Motor Indonesia, Jalan Perjuangan Panjang Nomor 35, RT 001/RW 002, Kelurahan Kelapa Dua

  • Kios Uji Emisi Auto Bless Motor, Jalan Letjen Suprapto, Kav. Nomor 1, Kelurahan Sumur Batu 

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